When you experience jaw pain after a tooth extraction, dentists do not consider this symptom pathological. Painful reaction to mechanical action is a physiological norm, because tooth extraction is a type of surgery, which inevitably leads to trauma to soft tissues. Especially when it comes to manipulation of molars: “Eights” are the most difficult in terms of root structure and localization in the oral cavity.
Why does the jaw hurt after a tooth extraction?
The process of dental extraction is quick, but complicated. During the procedure, the dentist uses forceps or a surgical elevator to fix the tooth, loosen it in different directions, and then rotate it around its axis. At this point, the periodontal ligament, the layer of connective tissue that surrounds the root of the tooth and connects it to the alveolar bone, is destroyed.
Extraction of the tooth from the soft tissue is the cause of the deep bleeding wound. Within 24 hours of the surgery, a blood clot should form in it. The process of tightening the hole and tissue regeneration itself may last from 2-3 days to several weeks. It depends on the method of tooth extraction, its condition, and where it was placed in the oral cavity.
The most painful teeth are the molars. They can have two to five tooth roots, which are often crooked and intertwined with each other. Unlike extracting incisors or canines, “eighths” are often also the cause of complications, resulting in long jaw pain after the tooth is extracted.
After the surgery, the dental surgeon must inform the patient about the complexity of the manipulation performed, what the consequences may be, what recommendations should be followed to reduce pain.
Causes of jaw pain after tooth extraction:
- nerve endings are destroyed during the extraction;
- surgical instruments are used for the extraction, which puts pressure on the gum and provokes swelling;
- traumatization of the peri-tooth soft tissues;
- irradiating pain, which spreads to neighboring teeth and different areas of the jawbone.
Types of dental removals
The method of extraction affects the development of possible complications and the degree of pain after surgery. Most teeth grow strictly vertically upward. If the crown is intact, there is no inflammation or root entanglement, the surgeon performs a simple extraction.
The manipulation takes only a few minutes. First, the patient is injected with anesthesia, then the gingival separation is performed, the tooth is extracted, and the wound is treated with antiseptics. After this type of surgery, pain may be felt for 5-7 days.
With problematic molars, a complex method of removal is required. It is quite a traumatic process, but here at Brickell Dental Care we use the latest technology and make your visit as painless as possible, as all major steps are performed under local anesthesia. As a rule, the crown part and roots are already partially destroyed, there is a local process of inflammation that affects the deeper soft tissues. During surgery, an incision of the gum is made, more traumatic instruments are used, and stitches are applied.
How long does my jaw hurt after such a tooth extraction? Recovery lasts for 14-21 days. And during this entire period, the patient may suffer from pain syndrome.
Signs of complications after tooth extraction
Normally, the pain goes away after a week with a simple extraction. If there was a complex extraction, the doctor will warn about a possible nagging pain for the next few weeks. But pain is not always related to the physiological norm.
By what signs can a patient recognize in time the beginning of complications after surgery? What should be alarming:
- pain does not subside, but only continues to intensify with each passing day;
- body chills, temperature may rise to 98,6-100,4°F;
- it is painful for the patient to swallow;
- swelling has not disappeared by the 3rd day after removal;
- general physical weakness increases;
- apathy, somnolence appeared;
- the gingiva at the site of removal has become distinctly red, purple in color;
- the hole does not close;
- the patient often spits up blood;
- there is an admixture of pus together with the blood;
- the jawbone is aching, so there are problems with closing, the ability to fully open the mouth.
Many patients are also frightened by the headache after a tooth extraction. It is normal if the pain occurs in the first 1-3 days. But daily attacks for a week already indicate a pathological process. Here at Brickell Dental Care, we care about a pain-free postoperative period, which is why we will give you a prescription for painkillers and antibiotics. With these medications you can easily survive a tooth extraction.
What to do if your jaw hurts after a tooth extraction
Given the traumatic nature of surgery, it is impossible to avoid pain syndrome. Therefore, the doctor prescribes a list of drugs for tissue repair, including anti-inflammatory, pain relievers. During the first day it helps a lot to put a cold compress on the outside of the cheek. You can take ice, wrap it in a clean towel and hold it for 30 minutes every two hours. The cold reduces the swelling, and with it the pain gradually goes away.
If the pain only increases and the swelling persists after 3 days, you need to visit the oral surgeon again. Do not take other pain medications at your own discretion. They can only increase the bleeding of the hole. Only a timely visit to the doctor will prevent the development of complications.
If you feel a toothache that is causing you discomfort, don’t hesitate to call our clinic at (407) 989 99-99, our doctors with years of experience will relieve you of pain and give you a healthy shiny smile.
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